Exhibits Exhibit descriptions < Towel used in a prison for war criminals
Exhibit descriptions
The Nature of Japan’s Colonial Aggression as Reflected in Bank Notes
A Grandmother’s Handmade Mumyeongbe (Cotton Yarn)
Yogan: A Living Necessity
Memories: Sokbaji (Inner Trousers for the Hanbok)
Kyōwakai Membership Card
Report Card with Korean Name Erased
Tokyo Bombing Victim Certificate
Handmade Taegukgi(The Flag of Korea)
Korean Registration Certificate Issued by Osaka Prefecture
Discrimination and Antiforeignism in a Crime Prevention Poster
Kenkoku Gakkō of 60 Years Ago
The Hanshin Education Struggle
Zainichi Koreans and the Pachinko Industry
Bataya Slum Areas in the 1960s
Mun-sun Kim’s Petition Written in Blood
List of Brown Atoll “Honorable Suicides” & Free Korean Press
Towel Used in a Prison for War Criminals
List of Members in the Association for Zainichi Korean Disabled Veterans of the Former Japanese Imperial Army
Choi Seung-hee and Sohn Kee-chung
Propaganda film You and Me
The Joy-Bearing Kkot-Kama (Traditional Korean Marriage Bridal Sedan Chair)
Korean Tigers Taken to Japan

Towel Used in a Prison for War Criminals

This is the towel of Wan-gun Kim, who was sentenced to ten years imprisonment by a UK military tribunal held in 1946 in a Java prisoners’ camp. Mr. Kim started his sentence in Changi Prison, was later transferred to Outram Prison in Singapore, and then finally to Japan’s Sugamo Prison, where he was released on parole in 1952.

“L508” was his ID number in Outram. Mr. Kim used this towel in prison, keeping it close to him and carefully mending it over and over even after being released.

The Japanese government implemented measures such as compensation for its former soldiers and their families, but due to their loss of Japanese citizenship under the San Francisco Peace Treaty in 1952, Korean “war criminals” were denied compensation. They were also denounced by fellow Zainichi Koreans as pro-Japanese collaborators. They faced extreme difficulties throughout the postwar years.

They created a mutual assistance organization (Dōshinkai) through their own initiative and fought strenuously to get the Japanese government to provide an apology and compensation.