Exhibits Exhibit descriptions < A Grandmother’s Handmade Mumyeongbe (Cotton Yarn)
Exhibit descriptions
The Nature of Japan’s Colonial Aggression as Reflected in Bank Notes
A Grandmother’s Handmade Mumyeongbe (Cotton Yarn)
Yogan: A Living Necessity
Memories: Sokbaji (Inner Trousers for the Hanbok)
Kyōwakai Membership Card
Report Card with Korean Name Erased
Tokyo Bombing Victim Certificate
Handmade Taegukgi(The Flag of Korea)
Korean Registration Certificate Issued by Osaka Prefecture
Discrimination and Antiforeignism in a Crime Prevention Poster
Kenkoku Gakkō of 60 Years Ago
The Hanshin Education Struggle
Zainichi Koreans and the Pachinko Industry
Bataya Slum Areas in the 1960s
Mun-sun Kim’s Petition Written in Blood
List of Brown Atoll “Honorable Suicides” & Free Korean Press
Towel Used in a Prison for War Criminals
List of Members in the Association for Zainichi Korean Disabled Veterans of the Former Japanese Imperial Army
Choi Seung-hee and Sohn Kee-chung
Propaganda film You and Me
The Joy-Bearing Kkot-Kama (Traditional Korean Marriage Bridal Sedan Chair)
Korean Tigers Taken to Japan

A Grandmother’s Handmade Mumyeongbe (Cotton Yarn)

This cloth woven with cotton yarn is called mumyeongbe. It was made by Duk-sang Kang's grandmother, Cha-bun Kim (1894-1979), who spun the cotton into yarn and wove it by hand loom.

Today the process has been mechanized, but at the time the process consisted of hard, manual labor. As the traditional nickname of “weaving woman” suggests, it was Korean women and their grandmothers who did the work.

There were many clothes made of mumyeongbe and sambe (hemp cloth), but it seems that the used clothes were destroyed when their owner died.

Cha-bun Kim traveled between Korea and Japan multiple times during the colonial period. She brought this mumyeongbe to Japan during a 1944 voyage. Because of its durability, it was used to make student and wartime uniforms. It survives to this day because it has been preserved as unprocessed cloth. It is a keepsake emblemizing the painstaking labor of first generation grandmothers.