Exhibits Exhibit descriptions < Zainichi Koreans and the Pachinko Industry
Exhibit descriptions
The Nature of Japan’s Colonial Aggression as Reflected in Bank Notes
A Grandmother’s Handmade Mumyeongbe (Cotton Yarn)
Yogan: A Living Necessity
Memories: Sokbaji (Inner Trousers for the Hanbok)
Kyōwakai Membership Card
Report Card with Korean Name Erased
Tokyo Bombing Victim Certificate
Handmade Taegukgi(The Flag of Korea)
Korean Registration Certificate Issued by Osaka Prefecture
Discrimination and Antiforeignism in a Crime Prevention Poster
Kenkoku Gakkō of 60 Years Ago
The Hanshin Education Struggle
Zainichi Koreans and the Pachinko Industry
Bataya Slum Areas in the 1960s
Mun-sun Kim’s Petition Written in Blood
List of Brown Atoll “Honorable Suicides” & Free Korean Press
Towel Used in a Prison for War Criminals
List of Members in the Association for Zainichi Korean Disabled Veterans of the Former Japanese Imperial Army
Choi Seung-hee and Sohn Kee-chung
Propaganda film You and Me
The Joy-Bearing Kkot-Kama (Traditional Korean Marriage Bridal Sedan Chair)
Korean Tigers Taken to Japan

Zainichi Koreans and the Pachinko Industry

Pachinko was launched in Japan during the 1920s only to disappear during WWII and suddenly reappear again in 1946. Zainichi Koreans started to join the pachinko industry around 1947.

In 1954, pachinko machines with auto-loading functions (called the renpatsu-shiki, or successive shot) were outlawed and the pachinko boom ended as a result, with the number of stores decreasing from 50,000 to 9,000. Japanese store owners had the option of switching to new occupations but Zainichi Koreans, who could not easily find other jobs due to ethnic discrimination, had little choice but to continue pachinko. As a result, the percentage of Zainichi Koreans in the pachinko industry rose. Today, pachinko is one of the core industries for Zainichi Koreans – a reflection of the ceaseless efforts of past generations in overcoming numerous adversities.

Pachinko (1960s)