Exhibits Exhibit descriptions < Yogan: A Living Necessity
Exhibit descriptions
The Nature of Japan’s Colonial Aggression as Reflected in Bank Notes
A Grandmother’s Handmade Mumyeongbe (Cotton Yarn)
Yogan: A Living Necessity
Memories: Sokbaji (Inner Trousers for the Hanbok)
Kyōwakai Membership Card
Report Card with Korean Name Erased
Tokyo Bombing Victim Certificate
Suitcase
Handmade Taegukgi(The Flag of Korea)
Korean Registration Certificate Issued by Osaka Prefecture
Discrimination and Antiforeignism in a Crime Prevention Poster
Kenkoku Gakkō of 60 Years Ago
The Hanshin Education Struggle
Zainichi Koreans and the Pachinko Industry
Bataya Slum Areas in the 1960s
Mun-sun Kim’s Petition Written in Blood
List of Brown Atoll “Honorable Suicides” & Free Korean Press
Towel Used in a Prison for War Criminals
List of Members in the Association for Zainichi Korean Disabled Veterans of the Former Japanese Imperial Army
Choi Seung-hee and Sohn Kee-chung
Propaganda film You and Me
The Joy-Bearing Kkot-Kama (Traditional Korean Marriage Bridal Sedan Chair)
Korean Tigers Taken to Japan

Yogan: A Living Necessity

The word yogan (or yogang) means “chamber pot.” Because toilets used to be located outside the house in Korea, yogan could be found in almost all people’s rooms . Many first-generation Zainichi Koreans continued to use the yogan in Japan as well.

The use of yogan in Japan was also related to the housing situation during the colonial period. At the time, many Koreans built barrack-like huts in riverbeds, landfill sites, and other "bad housing areas," eventually forming settlements. Other areas included places with no clear ownership of the land, wetlands, and former construction sites. It was not uncommon for individuals to construct their own rudimentary houses. The settlement areas of the Korean people were not equipped with sewage or running water and the number of public toilets were few in number, leading to unsanitary conditions. In circumstances like these the yogan was a must-have necessity.